- 2015 Federal Election
El-Sissi backers scold Egyptians to vote
By Laura Dean And Sarah El Deeb, The Associated Press
CAIRO - The government and media harangued voters to go to the polls Tuesday in the second and final day of Egypt's presidential election, worried that turnout was weaker than expected in a vote in which the front-runner, former army chief Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi, is trying to garner an overwhelming show of support.
There were no official figures on turnout in the previous day's voting. But monitoring groups said Monday saw moderate in some places and often thin or non-existent in other areas, particularly where Islamists — el-Sissi's top opponents — dominate.
El-Sissi, who removed Egypt's first freely elected president last year, is poised for an almost certain victory. His only rival in the race is left-wing politician Hamdeen Sabahi, who finished third in the 2012 presidential vote but is not believed capable of taking more than a symbolic amount of votes from the retired field marshal.
But the 59-year-old el-Sissi and his supporters have been counting on a large turnout to send a message to the West — as well as his domestic opponents, particularly the Muslim Brotherhood — that his removal of Islamist President Mohammed Morsi was not a coup but a popular revolution, similar to the 2011 uprising that ended autocrat Hosni Mubarak's almost 30-year-long rule.
For the past 10 months, el-Sissi has had near unanimous support from Egypt's government and private TV networks, newspapers and radio, which have been lauding him as the nation's saviour and presenting him as the only one able to lead Egypt. They have praised authorities' fierce crackdown on Morsi's followers, which has killed hundreds, as part of what they called the war on terrorism.
After the impression that Monday's voting was thin, many of the news channels' numerous political talk shows were furiously berating people who hadn't voted.
"By sitting at home, they are wasting what we have accomplished the past year ... our war on terrorism," Hayat el-Dardiri, host of a talk show on the pro-military Faraeen TV, said on her Monday evening broadcast.
She pointed to Monday's images of dancing and singing by el-Sissi supporters who did turn out at the polls and chided those who didn't. "What democratic celebration, you losers! Are you just happy to watch people dancing? Where are the people?"
One voter called in to private TV station Sada el-Balad, weeping as she said there not enough people at her polling station. "I am going to die," the caller said. "Does this respectable man (el-Sissi) deserve this from us?"
On Tuesday, many TVs were showing empty polling stations.
Egypt's deep divisions were on full display Monday, the first day of voting. At some Cairo polling stations, lines of el-Sissi supporters waved Egyptian flags and wore clothes in the national red-white-and-black colours. Men and women, including ones wearing the conservative Muslim veil, danced to pro-military pop songs.
In strongholds of the Brotherhood — which has dominated all other elections since Mubarak's ouster — the polls were virtually deserted, a fact likely to reduce the turnout from among the country's nearly 54 million registered voters.
But a deeper blow to el-Sissi would be if non-Islamist voters also decline to turn out for the election. It would suggest many Egyptians remain at least skeptical of him despite 10 months of pro-el-Sissi fervour whipped up by the state and media. Many of el-Sissi's secular critics, who supported Morsi's removal but now fear the former army chief will enshrine a Mubarak-style autocracy, appeared to also have stayed away from the polls.
As a benchmark for comparison, the 2012 presidential election had a turnout of just under 52 per cent. Morsi won, garnering around 13 million votes, narrowly beating out Mubarak's last prime minister, Ahmed Shafiq.
The government was trying to beef up turnout. After the first day of voting, it abruptly declared Tuesday a public holiday to give millions of government employees time to go cast ballots and extended voting hours by an hour to 10 p.m. There are roughly 5.5 million government workers in this country of about 90 million people.
Banks and the stock market were also given the day off. Interim Prime Minister Ibrahim Mahlab appealed to the private sector to follow suit.
In a clear warning, election commission officials said they will implement a rarely applied rule imposing fines on all able-bodied voters who do not cast their ballots. The fines, set at $72, are a hefty sum for most Egyptians.
In the southern city of Assuit, cars with loudspeakers circulated calling on residents to vote. Local officials and senior police officers met with heads of families and local dignitaries to ensure participation and sent buses to ease transportation from villages to polling stations, local officials who attended the meetings said.
Nasser Amin, a member of Egypt's National Human Rights Council — one of the domestic groups observing the vote — said the average turnout from a number of stations he visited in Cairo on Monday ranged between 10 and 12 per cent turnout. Local media used a higher figure, estimating that 20 to 30 per cent based also on average indicators.
El-Sissi supporters on TV presented multiple possible explanations for the thin voting. High temperatures. Laws that make it difficult for people to vote if they are not living in their hometowns. Even beefed up security at the polls — meant to reassure voters — may have intimidated them instead, some argued.
Around 500,000 soldiers and police deployed to protect the polls. At some stations, security forces wore body armour and masks, sporting heavy weapons from behind sandbags, while helicopters circled over Cairo.
"Don't turn it into a horror movie," said broadcaster Ibrahim Eissa from the private ONTV.
On Tuesday, there was no rush to the polls. Many polling centres around the capital, Cairo, appeared deserted. Temperatures were high Monday and Tuesday — and voting was likely to increase after sunset.
Standing with over a dozen other women outside a polling station in Cairo's heavily populated district of Imbaba, Seham Sayed was adamant that her favourite is the best for her country.
"We want Egypt, and el-Sissi is Egypt, Egypt, and again Egypt," the 40-year-old said.
At a nearby kiosk that sells drinks and chips, vendor Ahmed Rashad Ismail said he is not voting. The 21-year-old voted in 2012 for Sabahi but thinks he has no chance this time around.
"I don't like anyone," he said. "We wanted to elect a civilian. A military man may turn out to be like Mubarak, a criminal who stays for a long time."